The research has been concluded! Does going to space make you sick?


Lerato Khumalo

Space programs, in which Turkey participated with Tuva Cihangir Atasever after Alper Gezeravcı, remain on the agenda. It is expected that the number of people who will go out of the atmosphere will increase all over the world with the “Manned Space Flights” program called “Human Spaceflight” of Space X, the space company owned by Elon Musk. The company is already receiving thousands of reservation applications. As the number of people who are candidates to go to space increases, scientists have scrutinized the health effects of being in space. The results of a comprehensive study were published this week in both the journal Nature and the New York Times.

Turkey’s last space traveler was Tuva Cihangir Atasever.


The research in question was prepared based on data received from four Space X tourists who participated in the civil orbit flight in 2021. Examining data from more than a hundred institutions around the world, scientists found that being in space changes the way the human body works, but most of these changes subside within a few months of returning to Earth.


The research underlines that space travel puts the human body under a lot of stress, and that radiation and zero-gravity environment lead to osteoporosis, heart, vision problems and kidney disorders. In the article, it was stated that fewer than 700 people have gone to space so far and that this number is not enough to obtain healthy results. Finally, it was announced that the data of four American astronauts who spent three days in space within the scope of the Inspiration 4 mission were announced. Jared Isaacman and Hayley Arceneaux participated in Space X’s Inspiration 4 mission in September 2021. Spending just three days outside Earth, the Inspiration 4 crew experienced physical and mental changes, including cognitive declines.

The research has been concluded!  Does going to space make you sick?  - Picture: 2
Turkey’s first astronaut Alper Gezeravcı carried out experiments at the space base.


The following statements were made in the article in Nature: “Researchers found that space travel causes changes in the blood, heart, skin, proteins, kidneys, genes, mitochondria, telomeres, cytokines and other health indicators. However, approximately 95 percent of these health indicators returned to normal within three months of returning to Earth.


Christopher Mason of Weill Cornell Medicine, one of the authors of the study, stated that the most important result of the research was that people mostly recovered quickly after spaceflight. “Mason”I hope that our most in-depth study of a crew member yet will guide scientists in identifying the medications and precautions needed to protect future space travelers.” said.


The Inspiration 4 mission aims to show that space can be accessed by people without specialized training. Four civilian astronauts underwent extensive medical testing to achieve this goal. According to the study, the protective caps at the end of the chromosomes of all four participants lengthened significantly in space. However, these returned to normal a few months after returning to Earth.